Anwalt Deutschland Fachanwalt deutsch German Lawyer Germany English language Attorney-at-law English Lawyer germany french advocat francais allemagne French Attorney in Germany spanish language abogado alemania Spanish Attorney/ Lawyer in Germany Italian language avvocatto germania Italian Lawyer/ Attorney Germany Portuguese language advogado Alemanha Portuguese Polish speaking Lawyer/ Attorney in Germany adwokat Niemcy Polish Japanese speaking Lawyer/ Attorney in Germany Bengoshi Doitsu Japanese Attorney/ Lawyer Vietnamese language luat su Vietnamese Korean speaking lawyer/ attorney in Germany, Europe Korean Chinese language Lawyer/ Attorney in Germany/ Europe Chinese Lawyer/ Attorney russian speaking advokat Germaniya Russian




Attorneys at law

Law Office Lawyers/ Patent Attorneys Main practice areas Legal matters Client Service Litigation Free templates Offices Brochures Contact News Press FAQ
Competition law  Copyright law  Trademark law  Design law  Patent law  Media law  Online law  Food law  Public law  ITC

German Lawyer patent attorney Germany trademark attorney design attorney european law german attorney hannover germany based attorney at law for ip law it law competition law european law and regulations in germany litigation file suits representative  file german trademark law tm  competition copyright design food law media law patents contract law online law internet law patent law design protection file german patent utility model law lawyer it law contract law agricultural law architectural law banking law civil cervis law domain law employee inventions law financial penalties law food law guarantee law labour law land law pharma law state aid law waste law

Start  IP Application Services  Contact  Online enquiry  Imprint  Data Protection



...Start ...Main practice areas ...Students rights
Main practice areas
Administrative law
Agricultural law
Animal law
Anti Trust law
Architectural law
Banking law
Brokerage law
Business law
Capital Market law
Civil law
Civil service law
Commercial law
Commercial Criminal law
Competition law
Construction law
Contract law
Copyright law
Corporate law
Cosmetic law
Customs law
Data protection law
Design law
Distribution law
Domain law
Domain Arbitration law
Education law
Employee invention law
Energy law
Engineering law
Environment law
European law
Event law
Family law
Film law
Financial penalties law
Fiscal Offences law
Food law
Gambling law
Guarantee law
Higher Education law
Image rights
Industrial law
Inheritance law
Insolvency law
Insurance law
International law
International Trade law
Internet law
IP law
IT law
Labour law
Land law
Law on associations
M&A law
Mail order law
Media law
Medical malpractice law
Medical Products law
Medicine law
MLM law
Music law
Online law
Patent law
Pharma law
Plant variety law
Photography law
Press law
Publishing law
Public commercial law
Public procurement law
Purchasing law
Real Estate law
Restaurant law
Sales representaves rights
Sports law
State Aid law
Students rights
Tax law
Technology law
Tenancy law
Telecommunications law
Terms and conditions law
Tort law
Trademark law
Traffic law
Transport law/Shipping law
Waste law
Wine law
Attorneys at Law Hannover
Patent Attorneys
Georgstr. 48
30159 Hannover (Hauptsitz)
Fon +49 511.35 73 56-0
Fax +49 511.35 73 56-29
Attorneys at Law Berlin
Patent Attorneys
Wittestraße 30 K
13509 Berlin
Fon +49 30.403 66 69-00
Fax +49 30.403 66 69-09
Attorneys at Law Bielefeld
Patent Attorneys
Herforder Str. 69
33602 Bielefeld
Fon +49 521.43 06 06-60
Fax +49 521.43 06 06-69
Attorneys at Law Bremen
Patent Attorneys
Parkallee 117
28209 Bremen
Fon +49 421.33 11 12-90
Fax +49 421.33 11 12-99
Attorneys at Law Düsseldorf
Patent Attorneys
Grafenberger Allee 293
40237 Düsseldorf
Fon +49 211.97 26 95-00
Fax +49 211.97 26 95-09
Attorneys at Law Frankfurt/ Main
Patent Attorneys
Alfred-Herrhausen-Allee 3-5
65760 Frankfurt-Eschborn
Fon +49 69.380 79 74-20
Fax +49 69.380 79 74-29
Attorneys at Law Hamburg
Patent Attorneys
Colonnaden 5
20354 Hamburg
Fon +49 40.882 15 83-10
Fax +49 40.882 15 83-19
Attorneys at Law Munich
Patent Attorneys
Landsberger Str. 155
80687 Munich

Fon +49 89.250 07 90-50
Fax +49 89.250 07 90-59
Attorneys at Law Stuttgart
Patent Attorneys
Königstraße 80
70173 Stuttgart
Fon +49 711.99 58 55-90
Fax +49 711.99 58 55-99
Patent Attorneys Vienna
Trauttmansdorffgasse 8
1130 Vienna
Fon +43 1.876 15 17
Fax +49 511.35 73 56-29


Students’ rights in German examination system: what is the so-called „Prüfungsrecht“?

Rights regarding the German education exams ´system come from public law / administrative law. Starting with the Basic Law on federal laws, provincial laws, and the relevant regulations of the specific public body, it encompasses complex legal provisions. Everyone must have the possibility to pass examinations. This can be a final examination of a vocational training, a master examination up to university examinations. The concept of the test is therefore to be broadly understood. Examination law does not concern only university examinations, but rather it covers all statutory performance evaluations. German examination law also involves professional qualification´s tests. Such examinations could lead to an exceptional pressure. As a result, the performance´s level at the time of the effective examination can turn out lower than expected. Sometimes the result of an exam can have an effect on the career development.

The usually justified feeling of being treated unjustly can be rectified in an administrative procedure and / or before court.

An inspection of the test decisions - also judicial - is guaranteed by constitutional law. This is because the original examination right is based on the fundamental right of professional freedom (Article 12 of the Basic Law). Thus, the assessment of an examination handles in procedural terms, which are usually examined in court.

Examination appeal

Examinations can therefore be contested due to formal or material errors (examination appeal). Not passing a test does not have to be definitive. Examinations can be successfully contested by means of an examination appeal. There are formal regulations for the acceptance of examinations, which are often not or not sufficiently observed.

Examination appeal-Formal errors

In case an exam is terminated earlier than previously stipulated in the examination regulation or if during the examination, renovation or similar external noises have disturbed the concentration, we can talk about “formal errors”. Formal deficiencies in examination rights may also be due to the fact that the Examination Board has not been properly staffed, or if the two-examiner principle is not respected, or if an examiner is discriminatory or biased. If a formal error occurs, you need to make a complaint before leaving the examination room.

Examination appeal-material defects

Material errors may exist if the examiner places one of the examined in a disadvantageous position because of a particular religion for instance, or simply evaluates the content wrongly or rejects a justifiable result. The subject matter of the examination as well as its evaluation is not subjected to the arbitrariness of the examiner. For example, universities and colleges are constantly examining in the light of the multitude of possible studies. The answer-selection (multiple choices) or the bonus malus system (multiple-select) as well as all other test systems are prone to errors. Therefore, many tests can be successfully refuted. However, there are also other errors in examination procedures which can lead to a re-evaluation of the examination or a re-certification of the examination performance.
In the case of material errors, the search for errors usually begins with an inspection of the files in the examination documents.

National Examination Appeal

No matter in which city or state an examination is carried out, we carry out appeals throughout Germany and Europe, in case of international/European examinations.

Contestation of examinations proceedings:

Depending on the state, the examiner may either file an appeal to the examination result or take directly legal action at the Administrative Tribunal. The first step is, as a rule, the inspection of files in the examination documents. It is then necessary to examine the legal aspects of whether there are any errors in the examination, and thus to allow judicial review of the assessment of the examination.

Contestable examinations

What kind of examinations can you contest with our help?

  • Non-promotion/fail at school;
  • Graduation examination;
  • Vocational training exams;
  • Civil service law related assessments/displacements (check: Civil Service Law);
  • University exams (for example, final university examination, diploma, bachelor thesis, master thesis etc.);
  • Civil service law assessment/displacement;
  • Doctoral Thesis or postdoctoral qualification;
  • Granting of credits;
  • Module tests;
  • Exams’ withdrawal;
  • College/University examinations;
  • Intermediate examinations;
  • Final exams.

Examination rights- typical errors

Typical problems regarding the German Law on examinations:

  • Leisure examinations cannot be contested. It is not possible to file appeal against a dance examination organized by a dance-club for instance. The right of the appeal is based on Article 12 of the Basic Law and must concern a professional examination.
  • Examinations from private institutions (school, college, university) cannot be contested on the above-mentioned basis, since the administrative right is opened only for sovereign action. However, an apprenticeship contract concluded in accordance to civil law within a private institution can open the path to ordinary civil courts.
  • A successful examination contestation requires compliance with the obligations of the examinee. These are, inter alia, in the examination regulations.


horak law office germany hannover lawyer representative compliance design infringement warning letter business start up law guarantee warranty liability border seizure leasing trademark infringement mediation minimum wage patent attorney patent infringement pro bono legal advice piracy product piracy brand piracy counterfeit litigation arbitration disputes renovation compensation online sales youtube pinterest instagram copyright infringement deutsch german law german court lawyer litigator german litigator hannover english


 trademarks patents designs law lawyer german law firm litigator litigation file court suit attorney Germany patent attorney agricultural law architectural law contract law employee inventions law medical malpractice law pharma law terms and conditions law gtc waste law print  attorney at law hannover germany europe trademark competition law save attorney solicitor hannover stuttgart berlin munich german law firmback  german law european law european lawyer specialist expert german law competition law germany copyright law german design lawyer food attorney media law germany online and computer lawyers patent law patent application telecommunications law office trademark law firm classical and modern physics solid state physics mechanics Laser Physics Electrical electronic radiofrequency technologies Telecommunications telematics Mechatronics Information Technology Data Processing Technology image processing technology semiconductor technology consumer electronics computer hardware IT technology software telecommunications automation optics Atomic Physics Molecular Physics Engineering Construction Automotion shipbuilding aircraft Drive Technology Control Technology Process Engineering Production Engineering Production Technology Packaging Paper Technique Product Development Measurement Control Engineering Process Technology Appliances Small Appliances Food Technology Aerospace safety technology power plant technology material technology steelmaking alloys nanotechnology plastics energy technology renewable energy Life Sciences Medical Biology Biophysics biotechnology Microbiology Cell Biology Neurobiology Molecular Biology gene therapy bioinformatics Pharmacy Pharmacology agents Biochemistry Chemistry Physical Chemistry Organic Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Pharma antibody technology biosimilar generic diagnostic plant biotechnology diagnostic technology implants Immunology enzyme replacement therapy proteins muteins enzymes Transgenic cytokines, ribozymes, antisense RNA, RNAi Virology GM microorganisms plants animals human medicine food polymers catalysts lithography PhotographyOnline-Request