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...Start ...Main practice areas ...Domain Arbitration law
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Domain Arbitration Proceedings (Domain Name Dispute Resolution/ UDRP)

Fundamentals of an arbitration proceedings

In the German Law, there is no separate court of arbitration or arbitration office that solely regards Domain Law. For the legal area of domain´s litigation, there are for particular domains, diverse arbitrative boards, such as for instance the WIPO arbitrative boards (World Intellectual Property Organization), that are based on the ICANN-UDRP rules.  Those arbitration offices, that are located in Intellectual Property legal offices, still tend to decide in favor of property right owners; furthermore, procedures and contents of the arbitral awards are for them restricted. Thus, for instance, a compensation can often not be awarded.

In contrast to the UDRP-procedures, special ADR-procedures are developed for singular Top Level Domains, that differ considerably from the UDRP-regulations. In the .EU-ADR-procedures, there is a special arbitration proceedings, that stand out from the UDRP-procedures of the .EU-ADR-procedural rules and detailed regulations.

The basic process of a UDRP-procedure is explained below.

How does an arbitration proceeding´s process normally work?

Once the request has been presented and the fees of the applicant have been paid, the arbitral tribunal shall decide upon the procedure´s opening and shall then manage the application, so that the defendant could respond on time. In no reply occur, some arbitration rules will be emanated for an improper domain registration. Otherwise, the court of arbitration (the so-called “Schiedspruchkörper” in Germany) will decide in a short period of time. The decision will be transcribed by the Registry, within a temporal offset. It is not necessary for the defendant to be a known person or to reside in the same country, as it is for the applicant. The whole procedure can take some time: from 6 weeks to 3 months. A reimbursement of costs is not to take into consideration; it should be enforced from the ordinary courts. This procedure take the WIPO and the ICANN-UDRP as a basis for its domain disputes.

Can an arbitration procedure be conducted for every kind of domain?

No, normally the respective Registries specify whether an arbitration procedure should persist or not. However, those specified procedures can thoroughly differ from other kind of proceedings. As far as concerned the .DE-Domains, it is not possible to present an arbitration procedure. The arbitration procedure of the .EU-Domains differs significantly in its configuration from the WIPO arbitration procedure.

What does an arbitration procedure cost?

The kind of regulations and the committee that concerns arbitration procedures can be various, and so are the fees that regard the proceeding. The total amount goes typically from EUR 3000 up to EUR 5000 (an ICANN arbitration proceeding in front of a tribunal court, for one or two domains can costs up to 2000 $).

Which services do we offer?

In the area of ​​Domain Law, arbitration proceedings in the form of UDRP procedures (Uniform Dispute Resolution Process) or other kind of arbitration proceedings are really important; they can help us overcoming Domain Law complicacies straight at the root of the problem.

We are experts in the following legal activities:

  • Out-of-court dispute settlement before international and national arbitration tribunals.
  • Consultation and representation throughout the Dispute Resolution Process (DRP) / UDRP / ADR procedures;
  • representation of interests of domain owners and holders of intellectual property rights;
  • Consultation and representation in domain allocation procedures and any subsequent arbitration proceedings;
  • Alternative settlement of disputes with alternative clarification of the domain conflict: trustee / anonymous purchase and sale of domains;
  • Representation in court proceedings;
  • Representation in penal proceedings.

Further information are available on the website  and

Further topics:

  • Domain name disputes
  • Domain name Dispute Resolution
  • Domain rights
  • Domain names
  • Domain attorneys
  • Domain registration procedures
  • UDRP procedures
  • eu-ADR / ADREU.


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© German lawyer Michael Horak 2002-2018

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